Quaranta, M. and G. M. Dotti Sani. ‘Left behind? Gender gaps in political engagement over the life course in 27 European countries.’ Social Politics (2018)
This article investigates gender differences in political involvement in twenty-seven countries across four life course stages: home-leaving, partnership formation, parenthood, and empty nest. Single country studies show that these life events can hamper women’s political engagement, but whether this finding holds cross-nationally remains unclear. Using European Social Survey data, we show that across countries “family intensive” life course stages have a stronger negative effect on women’s involvement than men’s, but more on political interest, party identification and activity, than voting or demonstrating. Further, women’s macro-level political representation only partially accounts for cross-national differences in life cycle effects on political involvement.
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